Rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis), is the main source for world’s natural rubber production. The rubber tree is native to rainforests in the Amazon region of South America, but is now widely planted in Southeast Asia, especially in Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam and Malaysia. Natural rubber latex has superior performance properties and has been widely used in the manufacturing of tires for automobiles, aircrafts and parts for medical devices. Despite rubber tree’s economic importance, comprehensive whole-genome information on the tree is limited. Genome information is a basis for scientific breeding and high-quality genome assembly is important for discovering genes and pathways controlling the tree’s desirable agronomic traits.
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